Acetone meaning, synonyms, antonyms, translation, and use cases

Acetone

In today’s word for the day, we will highlight on the meaning of Acetone, its synonyms, antonyms, translation, and use cases.

Meaning

The chemical molecule acetone, also known as 2-propanone or dimethyl ketone, has the formula (CH3)2CO. The lowest and most basic ketone is this one (>C=O). It is a colorless, flammable liquid with a distinctively strong odor that is also highly volatile.

Acetone is a synthetic substance that is also naturally present in the environment. It is a tasteless, colorless liquid with a distinct odor. It is combustible, readily evaporates, and dissolves in water. It is also known as beta-ketopropane, 2-propanone, and dimethyl ketone. Plastic, fibers, medications, and other compounds are all made from ace. Other substances can also be dissolved with it. It is a byproduct of the breakdown of human fat and is found naturally in plants, trees, volcanic gases, forest fires, and other organisms. It can be found in landfills, tobacco smoke, and automobile exhaust. Ace is released into the environment more through industrial processes than through natural ones.

Because it is miscible with water, ace is used as a significant organic solvent in industry, the household, and laboratories. In 2010, around 6.7 million tonnes were manufactured worldwide, mostly for use as a solvent and the synthesis of bisphenol A, methyl methacrylate, and PMMA. It is a frequent component in organic chemistry. Ace is a common household product used as paint thinner and a component in nail polish remover. In the US, it is free from volatile organic compound (VOC) regulations.

In the human body, it is created and eliminated by routine metabolic activities. It typically appears in both blood and urine. It is produced in greater quantities by people with diabetic ketoacidosis. For infants and kids with refractory epilepsy, ketogenic diets that raise blood levels of ketone bodies (acetone, -hydroxy butyric acid, and acetoacetic acid) are used to prevent epileptic attacks.

History of Acetone

Acetone was first produced by Andreas Libavius in 1606 by distillation of Lead(II) acetate.
In 1832, French chemist Jean-Baptiste Dumas and German chemist Justus von Liebig determined the empirical formula for ace. In 1833, the French chemist Antoine Bussy named ace by adding the suffix -one to the stem of the corresponding acid (viz, acetic acid). By 1852, English chemist Alexander William Williamson realized that ace was methyl acetyl; the following year, the French chemist Charles Frédéric Gerhardt concurred.In 1865, the German chemist August Kekulé published the modern structural formula for ace. Johann Josef Loschmidt had presented the structure of ace in 1861, but his privately published booklet received little attention. During World War I, Chaim Weizmann developed the process for industrial production of acet (Weizmann Process).

Uses of Acetone

Industrial
About a third of the world’s acetone is used as a solvent, and a quarter is consumed as ace cyanohydrin, a precursor to methyl methacrylate.

Solvent
For a lot of polymers and some synthetic fibers, acetone works well as a solvent. It thins polyester resin, cleans equipment used with it, dissolves two-part epoxies and superglue prior to their setting. Some paints and varnishes employ it as one of their volatile components. Although it attacks many electronic components (like polystyrene capacitors), it is unsuitable for cleaning many circuit boards. As a heavy-duty degreaser, it is useful in the preparation of metal prior to painting or soldering, and to remove rosin flux after soldering (to prevent adhesion of dirt and electrical leakage and possibly corrosion or for cosmetic reasons).

Acetylene carrier
Acetone is widely employed as a solvent for the secure transportation and storage of acetylene, which cannot be safely pressured as a pure compound and is itself combustible. Ace and acetylene, which dissolves into the ace, are poured into containers made of porous material first. At a pressure of 10 bars, one liter of ace may dissolve approximately 250 liters of acetylene (1.0 MPa).

Chemical intermediate
It is used to synthesize methyl methacrylate. It begins with the initial conversion of ace to ace cyanohydrin via reaction with hydrogen cyanide (HCN).

Other Uses & Benefits

  • Due to its easy mixing with water and quick air evaporation, ace is a substance that is frequently used.
  • Many nail polish removers have ace as their main component. When nail polish is broken down, it is simpler to remove using a cotton swab or cloth.
  • In the textile business, ace is used to degrease wool and degum silk.
  • Ace is regularly included in solvent “blends” or “systems” that are used to create lacquers for furniture and automobile finishes. The viscosity, or thickness, of lacquer solutions may also be reduced using it.

 

Synonyms

  • propanone
  • ketone
  • dimethyl ketone
  • chemical
  • solvent
  • acetate
  • acetonic
  • acetylacetone
  • carbide

Antonyms

  • glue

 

Translation

Spanish- Acetona
Latin- Acetone
Greek- Ακετόνη
French- Acétone
Portugese- Acetona

 

Use cases

  • The inside lower corridor is designated for the ethanol, and the upper corridor is designated for the acetone.
  • They were dehydrated in an escalating succession of acetone concentrations after being cleaned in various changes of deionized water.
  • A few of the cryo-specimens and additional freshly-fixed specimens were dried in acetone and bathed in amyl acetate.
  • The plants were divided into their component parts and macerated using various solvents (n-hexane, acetone, ethanol and methanol)

Frequently Asked Question

What is acetone be used for?

It is a liquid solvent that can disintegrate and break down other materials. Products like varnish remover, paint remover, and nail polish remover all include ace. Some people produce plastics, lacquers, and textiles using ace as well.

Is acetone good for your skin?

This isn’t toxic, but it is dangerous when ingested. Exposure to ace can dehydrate the nail plate, cuticles and the surrounding skin – nails can become dry and brittle, and cuticles can become dry, flaky, red and irritated.

Is acetone harmful or useful?

It is a chemical used to make products like nail polish remover and paint remover. Your body also makes this chemical when it breaks down fat. It is safe in normal amounts, but too much of it could be a problem.

Is acetone an alcohol?

Itis a ketone, whereas alcohols belong to a separate class known as alcohols. Alcohols can be created from ketones (reacting with hydrogen or another reducing agent). Ketones can isomerize to unsaturated alcohols under specific circumstances.

Is it OK to soak fingers in acetone?

Soaking them in ace is something you definitely want to avoid doing to your skin or nails. It is not recommended to soak your nails for an extended period of time in order to remove gel or nail polish because it might seriously irritate them. It can dry out the skin, cuticles, and nail bed.

 

Video explanation on Acetone

This video will give you a further explanation on the meaning of Acetone.

 

Summary

Propanone is another name for the colorless liquid known as acetone. It has a low toxicity but a significant flammability, and in some quantities, it is generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
This substance is a solvent that mixes well with water and evaporates quickly, making it ideal for a variety of industry and home applications.
Among its frequent applications are nail polish remover, furniture or automobile lacquer, textile product degreaser or Gummer, and even the manufacture of plastic.

 

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