Acmeism meaning, synonyms, antonyms, translation, and use cases

Acmeism

In today’s word for the day, we will be giving you a highlight on the meaning of Acmeism, its synonyms, antonyms, translation, and use cases.

Meaning

Acmeism is a literary movement that emerged among Russian writers in the early 20th century. It was distinguished by a reaction against the ambiguity of symbols and by a stress on clarity.

After breaking away from Russian Symbolism, the main school of the nation’s literary landscape at the time, the Acmeism school of modern Russian poetry was born. Russian Symbolists used symbols to create expansive and logical associations in their poetry, much like the French Symbolists did. Later, however, in response to Russia’s political revolutions and societal decay, the Russian movement rejected the decadence associated with the French movement in favor of mysticism and German idealism. However, the Acmeist saw the poet as a competent craftsman rather than an oracle or a diviner. The Acmeists rebelled against the ambiguity and attempts of Symbolism to favor emotional suggestion over clarity and strong sensory imagery.

The acmeist mood was first announced by Mikhail Kuzmin in his 1910 essay “Concerning Beautiful Clarity”. The acmeists contrasted the ideal of Apollonian clarity (hence the name of their journal, Apollon) to “Dionysian frenzy” propagated by the Russian symbolist poets like Bely and Vyacheslav Ivanov. To the Symbolists’ preoccupation with “intimations through symbols” they preferred “direct expression through images.

Poets of the Acmeism Movement

The most important poets of this movement were:

Anna Akhmatova: He is thought to be one of Russia’s greatest poets. She was an important participant in the Acmeism movement. Along with memoirs, she also published poems. She is well respected for the studies she conducted on authors like Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin. She published her own works of fiction and worked as a translator. She interpreted poetry from a variety of languages, including Armenian, Korean, and French. In 1965, she made the Nobel Prize shortlist, and in 1966, she received three nominations for the prize. Akhmatova’s poems include: ‘You should appear less often in my dreams,’ ‘I Taught Myself to Live Simply,’ ‘Snow,’ ‘The Death of Sophocles,’ and ‘He loved three things, alive:.’

Osip Mandelstam: He was one of the Acmeist school’s most significant figures. He started out concentrating on poetry and then switched to essays and memoirs. His works include The Egyptian Stamp and Noise of Time. He and his wife were detained by Joseph Stalin’s administration at the height of his career and exiled. He was later given a five-year prison term with hard labor. Later, he passed away.

Nikolay Stepanovich Gumilyov: He was the movement’s leader, the Acmeists. His earliest collections, which were inspired by his tutor Innokenty Annensky were released in 1905 and 1908, They were, respectively, Romantic Flowers and The Path of the Conquistadors. He had a brief relationship with Anna Akhmatova. His position as one of the most significant Russian poets was cemented by his collection Foreign Sky. Before being detained and shot for his counter-revolutionary activities, he had previously worked as a creative writing instructor. He showed hatred for the Bolshevik regime throughout his career, which contributed to his demise.

 

Synonyms

  • prejudice
  • intolerance
  • break free movement

Antonyms

  • detachment
  • equal right
  • equal treatment

 

Translation

Spanish- acmeísmo
Greek- ακμεϊσμός
Latin- acmeism
French- l’acméisme
Portugese- acmeísmo

 

Use cases

  • Only in the 1960s did the major Acmeists’ works start to appear in the Soviet Union.
  • John ran for office there since he is a well-liked Acmeism member in London.
  • Acmeism, Futurism, and other movements reached their heights before being put to rest during the Stalin era.

 

Frequently asked question

What is the Acmeism movement?
Ac·​me·​ism is a literary movement among Russian poets in the early 20th century that was characterized by a reaction against the vagueness of symbolism and by an emphasis on clarity.

What is acmeism in poetry?
An early 20th-century Russian school of poetry that rejected the vagueness and emotionality of Symbolism in favor of Imagist clarity and texture.

What is Georgian movement?
A poetic movement in England during the reign of George V (1910–1936), promoted in the anthology series Georgian Poetry. Its ranks included Rupert Brooke, Siegfried Sassoon, Walter de la Mare, Robert Graves, A.E. Housman, and D.H. Lawrence.

What is the 7 elements of poetry?
These elements may include, voice, diction, imagery, figures of speech, symbolism and allegory, syntax, sound, rhythm and meter, and structure.

What does Syzygy mean in poetry?
In poetry, a syzygy is the combination of two metrical feet into a single unit, similar to an elision.

What is an obverse poem?
The poem is an obverse, a formal innovation invented by Sealey whereby the poem’s first half is repeated in reverse order in the second half of the poem (the fourteenth line repeats as the fifteenth line, the thirteenth line repeats as the sixteenth line, and so on).

What is a metonymy poem?
When a poet refers to something by one of its characteristics rather than its name – for example, referring to a country’s ‘strength’ rather than ‘armies’ – it is known as metonymy. It differs from synecdoche, in that these are abstract qualities rather than concrete parts.

 

Video explanation on Acmeism

This video will give you a further explanation on the meaning of Acmeism

Summary

It is a literary movement among Russian poets in the early 20th century that was characterized by a reaction against the vagueness of symbolism and by an emphasis on clarity

Early in the twentieth century, the Acmeism movement got its start in part as a response to symbolism. Nikolai Gumilev, Anna Akhmatova, and Osip Mandel’shtam started putting their own spin on the craft of creating poetry in rejection of the more established poets whose inventions had transformed poetry in Russia. They aimed to make the art form more approachable. They rejected the notion that poetry is associated with mysticism and believed that poets—talented people rather than prophets of symbolism—should communicate thoughts about society, the world, and human existence.
The acmeists could see right through time. In the lines of their poetry, the past, present, and future came together. The Hellenistic era invaded Russia in the 20th century, and the acmeists carried on the symbolist practice of including mythological and biblical characters in their poetry.

 

 

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