Acute Disease meaning, synonyms, antonyms, translation, and use cases

Acute disease

Many of us do not know that they are times our body reacts to certain things which may not be favorable to our health and with this, it develops into being an acute disease.

If you are wondering what this disease is all about and how it can be treated, this article is for you. We will give highlights on the meaning of acute disease, its examples, the differences between acute disease and chronic disease and how it can be treated. 

Beyound this, we will give some highlights on its synonyms, antonyms, translation, and use cases.



Acute disease is referred to as an extremely quick onset ailment that often goes away within a month. Chronic illnesses are the antithesis of acute disease.

Common colds and the flu are fairly straightforward to distinguish from acute illnesses, but acute diseases can develop symptoms that are severe and lead to difficulties with certain organ systems. This can include the urinary system, liver, kidneys, eyes, skin, digestive system, and respiratory system.

Acute disease develops quickly, has recognizable symptoms, necessitate immediate medical attention, or both, and improve after treatment. For instance, a fractured bone from a fall needs to be treated by a doctor and will eventually mend.

Acute illnesses like the common cold may just go away on their own. Most patients with severe illnesses will recover quickly.

An acute condition is one that manifests rapidly and may start off severely. Since they can get better and recover with the right care, acute disorders often only continue for a short time.

Even while the natural healing process may account for a large portion of the recovery from an acute condition, receiving the right care will speed the process and help to assure a full recovery.

Contrast this with long-term, potentially incurable, frequently progressive, and characterized by flare-ups and remissions chronic diseases. Numerous acute ailments and illnesses can benefit from exercise to speed recovery.

Acute diseases can include these common symptoms:

  • Fever
  • Sore throat
  • Cough
  • Sneezing
  • Earache
  • Diarrhea
  • Runny nose
  • Nausea
  • Rash
  • Headache

Serious Acute medical conditions

  • Asthma attack
  • Broken bone
  • Bronchitis
  • Burn
  • COVID-19
  • Common cold
  • Flu
  • Heart attack
  • Pneumonia
  • Respiratory infection
  • Strep throat

Acute Illness Examples

Broken bones, diseases like urinary tract infections or pink eye, and viruses like the flu and rotavirus are some instances of acute illnesses. Some acute illnesses might occasionally worsen and require medical attention.

This could involve abrupt hepatic and renal failure as well as pancreatitis, pneumonia, and appendicitis.

Difference between Acute and Chronic Diseases

Acute disease

  • Acute diseases occur suddenly
  • They last for a shorter period
  • They cause sudden damage to the body
  • The onset is sudden and often treatable. However, other underlying conditions can also affect the outcome of the disease.
  • E.g. Typhoid, bone fracture, heart attack, cholera, common cold, jaundice, malaria, etc.

Chronic disease

  • chronic occur over a prolonged period.
  • They last longer, even for a lifetime.
  • They cause long term damage to the body of the patient.
  • Chronic diseases progress gradually and usually end up causing long term damage to organs and organ systems. In some cases, it can become fatal.
  •  Eg. Diabetes, cancer, tuberculosis, arthritis, etc.

Differences in Treatment

Pediatricians are trained to handle both acute and chronic disorders in children. Your child’s pediatrician might recommend a specialist if your child has a chronic ailment.

The pediatrician will continue to play a crucial role in your child’s care and, if necessary, collaborate with other specialists.

Chronic illnesses are typically just managed or controlled, not cured. Physical and occupational therapy, medication, surgery, and changes in lifestyle are all potential components of chronic condition treatment strategies.

Depending on their severity, acute illnesses require varying levels of care. Your child will likely only need to see the physician for treatment of common childhood diseases.

You might need to seek emergency care if your child’s condition worsens, or the pediatrician might decide to admit them to the hospital. Contrary to chronic illnesses, acute illnesses can be resolved or cured.



  • infectious disease
  • pneumonia case
  • severe disease
  • acute illness
  • allergy
  • bacterial infection
  • critical illness
  • serious disease
  • serious illness
  • agonizing disease


  • benign disease
  • chronic illness
  • easily preventable disease
  • easy punishment
  • innocuous disease
  • lenient penalty
  • lenient punishment



Spanish- enfermedad aguda
Latin- acutus morbus
Greek- οξεία ασθένεια
French- maladie aiguë
Portugese- doença aguda


Use cases

  • People may judge the value of a health improvement by comparing it to the health before an acute illness started.
  • Supplemental nourishment is frequently given to individuals with low albumin because of how bad their acute sickness is.
  • Some people are unaware of the questions about severe sickness and the use of particular personal social and health services.

Video explanation on Acute disease

This video will give further explanation of the meaning of acute disease.



Acute diseases differ from chronic illnesses in that they frequently manifest suddenly and only last a brief period of time, typically a few days or weeks. Viral or bacterial infections are frequently the root of acute diseases.
A sort of acute major sickness known as an acute serious illness is one in which the patient’s bodily or social well-being or survival is seriously threatened.


Frequently Asked Questions

How long is acute in medical terms?

The management of adult patients with a variety of medical disorders who need urgent or emergency care, typically within 48 hours after admission or referral from other disciplines, is known as acute care. Hospitals designed for short-term medical and/or surgical treatment and care are referred to as acute hospitals.

Does acute mean life threatening?

We are using the term ‘acute serious illness’ to describe a type of acute major illness in which the illness presents a serious threat to the physical or social well-being of the patient, or to their survival.

What are examples of acute diseases?

Common colds and the flu are fairly straightforward to distinguish from acute illnesses, but acute diseases can develop symptoms that are severe and lead to difficulties with certain organ systems. This can include the urinary system, liver, kidneys, eyes, skin, digestive system, and respiratory system.

What are the chronic and acute disease?

Acute conditions manifest suddenly and severely. Anything from a shattered bone to an asthma attack could be described in this way. In contrast, a chronic condition is a syndrome that has lasted a long time, like osteoporosis or asthma. Be aware that the acute condition of a broken bone may result from the chronic disease of osteoporosis.

What are common acute infections?

Acute viral infections are typically observed with pathogens such as influenza virus and rhinovirus. Ebola hemorrhagic fever is an acute viral infection, although the course of disease is unusually severe. Often an acute infection may cause little or no clinical symptoms – the so-called inapparent infection.


Is Cold is acute disease?

The common cold is an acute, usually a febrile, self-limited viral infection causing upper respiratory symptoms, such as rhinorrhea, cough, and sore throat.

Is Covid acute or chronic?

The novel Coronavirus or COVID-19 are relatively new and there is limited information regarding the risk factors for this chronic disease.



Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *