Calorimeter meaning, synonyms, antonyms, translation, and use cases

Calorimeter

In today’s word for the day, we will be giving you highlight on the meaning of Calorimeter, its synonyms, antonyms, translation, and use cases.

Meaning

A calorimeter is a tool used to measure heat, which is essential for calorimetry. It primarily consists of a metallic container constructed of materials that are effective electrical conductors, such as copper, aluminum, etc. The vessel’s contents can also be stirred if necessary. This stirrer-equipped metallic vessel is enclosed in an insulating jacket to prevent heat loss to the surroundings.

It is a device used to put into quantitative measurement the amount of heat absorbed or released by a body, or to pinpoint the specific temperature of a body.

 Calorimeter Theory

While the body at a lower temperature absorbs heat, the body at a higher temperature releases heat. The law of conservation of energy, which states that the total amount of heat lost by a hot body equals the total amount of heat gained by a cold body, is demonstrated by the principle of calorimetry.

Types of Calorimeter

Different types of calorimeters are given below:

  • Adiabatic Calorimeters
  • Bomb Calorimeters (Constant Volume Calorimeters)
  • Constant Pressure Calorimeters
  • Differential Scanning Calorimeter
  • Reaction Calorimeters
  • Constant Pressure Calorimeters

Uses of Calorimeter

It is generally widely accepted that matter always abides by the principle of lowest energy, meaning that given the choice, matter will exist in the condition with the lowest energy. Despite this, there are numerous energy states that matter can be in. For instance, uranium atoms are extremely potent.

The natural occurrence, reactivity, and other properties of matter are significantly influenced by its energy. We can forecast natural occurrence, reactivity, and physical qualities based on the energy measurements we take using calorimeter if we can figure out how they are related. Structure and other features of a substance can always be explained in terms of its thermodynamic properties.

 

Synonyms

  • measurement
  • amount
  • bar
  • criterion
  • dimension
  • enthalpy
  • extent
  • gauge
  • magnitude
  • meter
  • proportion
  • quantity
  • quantum
  • size

 

Antonyms

  • automated workforce
  • delinquent
  • bad temperature

 

Translation

Many languages have its pronunciation for this word, but here we will take a look at some of the ways some world languages pronounce it.

French: calorimètre

Chinese: 热量计 (Rèliàng jì)

Russian: калориметр (kalorimetr)

Greek: θερμιδόμετρο (thermidómetro)

Punjabi: ਕੈਲੋਰੀਮੀਟਰ (Kailōrīmīṭara)

Japanese: 熱量計 (Netsuryō-kei)

Hungarian: hőmennyiségmérő

Swedish: kalorimeter

 

Use cases

  • John built a unique calorimeter in 1911 that could measure particular heats at very low temperatures.
  • The practice or science of monitoring a body’s state variables in order to determine the heat transfer related to state changes, such as physical or phase transitions, under particular conditions is referred to as calorimetry.
  • Combustion calorimeters are used to measure the heat produced during the rapid interaction of substances, at least one of which is gaseous.
  • Calorimeter is a tool for estimating a material’s heat capacity and measuring the heat produced during a mechanical, electrical, or chemical reaction

 

Frequently Asked Questions

What is calorimeter?

A calorimeter is a tool for estimating a material’s heat capacity as well as for measuring the heat produced during a mechanical, electrical, or chemical reaction.The quantity of heat that is transported to or from a substance is measured using calorimeter. Heat is exchanged with a calibrated object to accomplish this (calorimeter). The quantity of heat transported by the process under study is calculated using the temperature change that the calorimeter measures.

What is the calorimetric approach?

The practice or science of monitoring a body’s state variables in order to determine the heat transfer related to state changes, such as physical or phase transitions, under particular conditions is referred to as calorimetry. A calorimeter is used to carry out calorie counting.

What does calorimeter/calorimetric measurement mean?

To determine how much thermal energy is exchanged during a chemical or physical process, calorimetry is utilized. The masses of the system, the environment, and the temperature change that takes place during the process must all be carefully measured in order to achieve this. How do we use flaps on short field take off?

A calorimetric experiment is?

By measuring the temperature change a reaction produces, calorimetry is a technique for calculating the enthalpy change of a reaction. The heat change in a reaction under constant pressure is called the enthalpy change.

Why are calorimeters employed?

Calorimeters are used to quantify the amount of heat and volume produced over a specific time period. A tank that is partially filled with water and has a known thermal capacity and weight is passed through by the flow.

Where is a calorimeter employed?

To measure the thermal changes in a body, a calorimeter is utilized. In order to determine the enthalpy, stability, heat capacity, and other thermochemical quantities, calorimetry is widely used.

How come it’s called a calorimeter?

The earliest ice calorimeters were created based on Joseph Black’s formulation of latent heat, which was introduced in 1761, according to a thorough history of calorimetry. The name “calorimeter” was first used by Antoine Lavoisier in 1780 to refer to the device he used to measure the heat produced by guinea pig breathing, which was used to melt snow.

What is the calorimeter’s operating principle?

Calorimeter Theory

According to the calorimeter’s basic tenet, a body’s temperature determines whether it releases or absorbs heat. The law of conservation of energy, which states that the total amount of heat lost by a hot body equals the total amount of heat acquired by a cool body, is demonstrated by the principle of calorimetry.

How is calorimeter utilized in the real world?

Calorimeters are useful in many different businesses and academic settings; for example, an industrial pilot plant can utilize a DSC to assess the impact of a change to a product’s formula. The amount of heat (or calories) in food can be measured using oxygen bomb calorimeters in food testing labs.

 

Video Explanation of Calorimeter

This video will give you a further explanation of the meaning of Calorimeter.

 

Summary

Calorimeters are useful in many different businesses and academic settings; for example, an industrial pilot plant can utilize a DSC to assess the impact of a change to a product’s formula. The amount of heat (or calories) in food can be measured using oxygen bomb calorimeters in food testing labs.

Calorimeters are used to quantify the amount of heat and volume produced over a specific time period. A tank that is partially filled with water and has a known thermal capacity and weight is passed through by the flow.

To measure the thermal changes in a body, a calorimeter is utilized. In order to determine the enthalpy, stability, heat capacity, and other thermochemical quantities, calorimetry is widely used.

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