Downwash Angle Meaning, Synonyms, Antonyms, Translation, and Use Cases.

Downwash Angle

In today’s Word for the day, we will look at the Downwash Angle, its Meaning, its synonyms, Antonyms, Translations, and use cases.

Beyond that, we will look at how this Angle is a crucial factor in the aerodynamics and longitudinal stability of airplanes.


Downwash Angle is an angle created between the airflow direction as it enters and exits an airfoil.

Downwash Angle In aeronautics

When an airfoil, wing, or helicopter rotor blade is moving and acting aerodynamically to produce lift, the air is deflected in a different direction, which is known as downwash. It may be called induced flow in talks of helicopter aerodynamics.

When analyzing the aerodynamics and longitudinal stability of airplanes, the downwash angle gradient is a crucial factor.

It primarily impacts the total lift-curve slope of the aircraft and the location of the neutral point, which determines longitudinal static stability, control, and maneuverability.

The overall lift coefficient of an airplane is given by 𝐢𝐿 = π‘Žπ›Ό with (Etkin & Reid, 1996):

π‘Ž = π‘Žπ‘€π‘ + πœ‚π» sh (1 βˆ’πœ•πœ€ π‘Žπ»β³

S πœ•a

where π‘Žπ‘€π‘ is the lift-curve slope for the wing-body combination and πœ‚π» is the ratio of the dynamic pressure acting on the horizontal tail to that relative to the wings.

In steady flight, the pitching moment coefficient is given by:πΆπ‘š = πΆπ‘š0 + πΆπ‘šπ›Ό 𝛼 + πΆπ‘šπ›Ώπ‘’Β 

The formula

Downwash Angle


Downwash Angle

Here Ξ΅ is the β€˜downwash angle’ i.e. the mean angle at the tailplane that the airflow is deflected through by the wing, and Ξ·T is there “tailplane setting angle,” which is the angle formed by the no-lift lines of the wing and tailplane.



The angle of downwash, Angle of rake, Downwash gradient, Flow angularity, Induced angle of attack, and yaw angle.


Upwash circuit, anabatic angle.


First Known Use

The first known use of downwash angle was in 1914



Spanish- Γ‘ngulo de flujo descendente

Latin- downwash angulus


Use Cases

  • The Downwash Angle is an important parameter in the analysis of the aerodynamics and longitudinal stability of airplanes.
  • The Downwash Angle is the mean angle at the tailplane that the wing deflects the airflow through.
  • The Downwash Angle is a crucial factor in the aerodynamics and longitudinal stability of airplanes.


Frequently Asked Question

How is downwash calculated?

According to physics, there must be an equal rate of energy transfer between the rotor and the air.Β 

The velocity of the downwash at the rotor disk is equal to the square root of Weight divided by 2 x (Air density) x after equating and fiddling with these energy equations (Disk Area).


What is the downwash effect?

It is the difference in pressure near a wing’s tips; the flow spills from the underside to the topside and because of the downwash that is produced, the flow over a section of the wing now attacks at a different effective angle.


What are downwash and Upwash?

Upwash is the term for air that is moving upward right before a wing’s leading edge.Β 

At the leading edge, there is a similar downwash. They required an aviation term with the letter “U,” but there aren’t many of them in line with the previous months’ backward journey around the alphabet.


Does downwash increase lift?

Both forces are equal and in opposition. higher turnovers often produced more downwash.Β 

However, if the earth is in the way, the downwash is dispersed laterally and loses some of its net downward components.

Because of an increase in local pressure between the wing and the ground, a lift is increased.


How does downwash affect angle of attack?

Research has it that the downwash downstream of a wing induces a net angle of attack that is lower than just looking at flow direction and chord orientation.Β 

It also states that understanding lift dictates that downwash itself is a product of lift generation and therefore a product of angle of attack.



This Angle impacts the plane’s overall lift-curve slope and neutral point location, which β€Œdetermine the plane’s longitudinal static stability, control, and maneuverability.

It is the shift in airflow direction caused by a moving airfoil, wing, or helicopter rotor blade’s aerodynamic action, which occurs because of lift.


A video explaining Downwash (video)




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